Ontology: Techno Order

Division 01 of International Standard Industrial Classifications of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Rev.4 includes two basic activities, namely the production of crop products and production of animal products, covering also the forms of organic agriculture, the growing of genetically modified crops and the raising of genetically modified animals.

This division also includes service activities incidental to agriculture, as well as hunting, trapping and related activities.

Group 015 (Mixed farming) breaks with the usual principles for identifying main activity.
It accepts that many agricultural holdings have reasonably balanced crop and animal production and that it would be arbitrary to classify them in one category or the other.

Agricultural activities exclude any subsequent processing of the agricultural products (classified under divisions 10 and 11 (Manufacture of food products and beverages) and division 12 (Manufacture of tobacco products)), beyond that needed to prepare them for the primary markets. However, the preparation of products for the primary markets is included here.

The division excludes field construction (e.g. agricultural land terracing, drainage, preparing rice paddies etc.) classified in section F (Construction) and buyers and cooperative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products classified in section G.

The division includes these groups and classes:

011 Growing of non-perennial crops

This group includes the growing of non-perennial crops, i.e. plants that do not last for more than two growing seasons. Included is the growing of these plants for the purpose of seed production.

012 Growing of perennial crops

This group includes the growing of perennial crops, i.e. plants that lasts for more than two
growing seasons, either dying back after each season or growing continuously. Included
is the growing of these plants for the purpose of seed production.

013 Plant propagation

See class 0130.

014 Animal production

This group includes raising (farming) and breeding of all animals, except aquatic animals.

This group excludes:

015 Mixed farming

See class 0150.

016 Support activities to agriculture and post-harvest crop activities

This group includes activities incidental to agricultural production and activities similar to agriculture not undertaken for production purposes (in the sense of harvesting agricultural products), done on a fee or contract basis. Also included are post-harvest crop activities, aimed at preparing agricultural products for the primary market.

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This class in the classification of its order

The (ontological) order of #isic01 - Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities is the Techno Order.